Stichopus noctivagus Cherbonnier, 1980: 654, fig. 19A-P, pl. 1A (B/W plate); Féral & Cherbonnier, 1986: 96 (colour plate); Kerr et al., 1992: 213, pl. 1C (colour plate); Allen & Steene, 1994: 245 (colour plate); Colin & Arneson, 1995: 262, fig. 1239 (colour plate); Pawson, 1995: 180; ? Gosliner et al., 1996: 281, fig. 1033 (colour plate); Erhardt & Baensch, 1998: 1094 (colour plate); Massin, 1999: 65, figs 53a-m, 54 (map), 112a (colour plate); Chao, 2002: 4, fig. 11 (colour plate); Paulay, 2003: 577; Samyn, 2003: 88; Marsh & Morrison, 2004: 303, 339.

Type data: EcHh 3073; Cap Bégat (New Caledonia); coll. Unknown, unknown date (at night); 20 m depth; well preserved; well relaxed; ventro-longitudinal dissectioncalcareous ring and attached structures removed; eviscerated

Anatomical description: 120 mm long; 17-29 mm wide; bivium arched; trivium distinctly flattened; mouth ventral; anus terminal; dorsal body wall beige with dark circles around dorsal papillae; ventral body wall beige; tentacles dark brown; ventral tube feet beige; dorsal appendages dark brown, papillae with white tip; dorsal appendages spread regularly over complete bivium; ventral tube feet spread over trivium, but mainly along ambulacrae; bivium and trivium not separated by lateral fringe of appendages; body wall 2 mm thick, rough to the touch; 18 large tentacles counted; radial plates with posterior median prolongation; radial plates 2-3 times wider than interradial ones; number of tentacle ampullae could not be determined; single Polian vesicle observed; number and size of stone canals could not be determined; gonad in single tuft; tubules ramified; longitudinal muscles bifid, narrow, very flat attached at edges; cloaca 8 mm long; Cuvierian tubules absent

Ossicle description: tentacles with curved spiny rods of various sizes, smallest ones generally smooth; dorsal and ventral body wall with tables with disc perforated by four central holes and few other perforations, rim smooth and undulating, 4 pillars, 1-2 cross beams ending in a narrow spiny crown; dorsal papillae with C- and S-shaped rods, tables as in body wall as well as tack-like tables with rather low spire and with curved rods; ventral tube feet with tables as in body wall as well as with large perforated plates and rods with lateral, perforated extension; rete mirabile with irregular branching rods; longitudinal and cloacal retractor muscles, gonad and cloaca devoid of ossicles; ossicle assemblage of respiratory tree was not assessed.

Known distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi), Philippines, Taiwan, Australia (Dampier Archipelago, Mariana Islands (Guam), Palau Islands, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, (?) Hawaiian Islands.

Taxonomic decision: valid species (confirmed after examination of the holotype).

For original description click here.

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Holothuria (Selenkothuria) vittalonga Cherbonnier, 1988: 58, fig. 21A-K) ; Samyn, 2003: 68.

Type data: EcHh 3547; Station 1/16, Tuléar (Madagascar); coll. P Galeron, 1972; unknown depth; well preserved; well relaxed; calcareous ring removed from specimen; anal side severely damaged by dissection.

Anatomical description: 105 mm long; 23-34 mm wide; bivium arched; trivium distinctly flattened; mouth ventral; anus terminal; dorsal body wall yellow-beige with two narrow longitudinal black lines on the ambulacrae; ventral body wall yellow-beige; tentacles brown; ventral tube feet yellow-beige; dorsal appendages yellow; dorsal appendages spread regularly over complete bivium; ventral tube feet spread regularly over trivium; bivium and trivium not separated by lateral fringe of appendages; body wall 2,5 mm thick, smooth to the touch; 12 tentacles counted; structure of the calcareous ring could not be determined; number of tentacle ampullae could not be determined; number of Polian vesicles could not be determined; number and size of stone canals could not be determined; gonad small, very thin, yellowish unramified tubules; longitudinal muscles bifid, wide, attached at edges; respiratory tree longer than 1/2 body length; cloaca 15 mm long; Cuvierian tubules present; very small.

Ossicle description: tentacles with straight rods with lateral extensions and sometimes some distal perforations; dorsal and ventral body wall with rods with lateral extensions occasionally branching distally and with distal perforations; ventral tube feet with rods as in body wall whereby some also perforated laterally; longitudinal and cloacal retractor muscles, gonad, respiratory tree and gut devoid of ossicles; ossicle assemblage of dorsal appendages, anal papillae and cloaca could not be assessed.

Known distribution: known only from the type locality

Taxonomic decision: valid species (confirmed after examination of holotype).

For original description click here.

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Holothuria (? Theelothuria) turriscelsa Cherbonnier, 1980: 644, fig. 15A-L, Pl. 1E.

Holothuria (Theelothuria) turriscelsa; Féral & Cherbonnier, 1986: 92, fig. 40M ; Kerr et al., 1992: 209, fig. 3f, pl. 1d; Pawson, 1995: 189; Erhardt & Baensch, 1998: 1089, colour plate; Massin, 1999: 53, figs 42a-l, 43 (map); Samyn, 2000: 15; Samyn & Van den Berghe, 2000: 5, 17, 27, pl. 2A-B (colour plate); Samyn, 2003: 78, figs 31A-G, 54F (map).

Type data: EcHh 3084; East side of Thio & Cap Berg (New Caledonia); coll. ORSTOM, 1979 (at night); 15-20 m depth; well preserved; well relaxed; ventro-longitudinal dissection; calcareous ring and attached structures removed from specimen.

Anatomical description: 195 mm long; 35-74mm wide; bivium arched; trivium distinctly flattened; mouth ventral; anus terminal; dorsal body wall dark brown; ventral body wall clear brown; tentacles yellow-beige; ventral tube feet beige; dorsal appendages beige; dorsal appendages spread regularly over complete bivium; ventral tube feet spread regularly over trivium; bivium and trivium not separated by lateral fringe of appendages; body wall 4,5-5 mm thick, smooth to the touch; 17 tentacles counted (two or three cut away); radial plates with straight posterior side; interradial plates 2 times narrower than radial plates; radial plates 1,5 times as long as interradial plates; number of tentacle ampullae could not be determined; number of Polian vesicles could not be determined; no stone canals observed; gonad not observed; longitudinal muscles bifid, wide, flat, attached at edges; respiratory tree longer than 1/2 body length; cloaca 7 mm long; Cuvierian tubules present.

Ossicle description: tentacles with curved spiny rods, occassionally perforated distally; dorsal and ventral body wall with tables with disc perforated by four central holes and 1-3 rings of peripheral holes, spiny rim, 4 pillars, 1-2 cross beams ending in a narrow spiny crown and very nodulouse buttons perforated by up to 6 pairs of holes; dorsal and ventral appendages with tables as in body wall and with large rods widened and perforated distally and centrally; longitudinal and cloacal retractor muscles, cloaca and gut devoid of ossicles; ossicle assemblage of gonad and rete mirabile was not assessed.

Known distribution: Indonesia (Sulawesi), Mariana Islands (Guam), New Caledonia, Society Islands, Kenya (Pemba Island, Kiunga Marine reserve), Tahiti.

Taxonomic decision: valid species in the subgenus Thhelothuria (confirmed after examination of holotype and other voucher specimens); here designated senior subjective synonym of Holothuria viridia Cherbonnier, 1986.

Remarks: The gut of the specimen contains reddish mud; this probably explains the somewhat darker than usual coloration of the specimen.

For original description click here.

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Holothuria (Theelothuria) viridia Cherbonnier, 1986: 247, fig. 1A-Q; Samyn 2003: 78.

Type data: EcHh 3543; Maribago, Mactan Island, Cébu (Philippines); coll. Ph. Bouchet, 12.VI.1985 (at night); 5-8 m depth; well preserved; well relaxed; ventro-longitudinal dissection; calcareous ring and attached structures removed from specimen.

Anatomical description: 132 mm long; 27-50 mm wide; bivium arched; trivium distinctly flattened; mouth ventral; anus terminal; dorsal body wall deep grey; ventral body wall white; tentacles white-beige; ventral tube feet brown-black; dorsal appendages black circled with white; dorsal appendages spread regularly over complete bivium; ventral tube feet spread regularly over trivium; bivium and trivium not separated by lateral fringe of appendages; body wall 9 mm thick, smooth to the touch; 20 tentacles counted (one cut away); radial plates with slight posterior notch; interradial plates 2 times narrower than radial plates; radial plates 1,5-2 times as long as interradial plates; number of tentacle ampullae could not be determined; number of Polian vesicles could not be determined; no stone canals observed; gonad not observed; longitudinal muscles bifid, wide, cylindrical, attached at edges; respiratory tree longer than 1/2 body length; cloaca 25 mm long; Cuvierian tubules absent.

Ossicle description: tentacles with curved spiny rods, occassionally perforated distally; dorsal and ventral body wall with tables with disc perforated by four central holes and 1-2 rings of peripheral holes, spiny rim, 4 pillars, 1-2 cross beams ending in a narrow spiny crown and very nodulouse buttons perforated by up to 6 pairs of holes; dorsal and ventral appendages with tables as in body wall and with large perforated-plate like rods widened and perforated distally and centrally; longitudinal and cloacal retractor muscles, cloaca and gut devoid of ossicles; ossicle assemblage of gonad and rete mirabile was not assessed.

Known distribution: only known from the type locality.

Taxonomic decision: junior subjective synonym of H. turriscelsa Cherbonnier, 1980 (taxonomic decision based upon re-examination of the holotypes of both species and other voucher specimens)

Remarks: it is remarkable that Cherbonnier (1986) compared his H. viridia with H. foresti and H. asperita and NOT with H. turriscelsa from which it does not differ apart from the fact that H. turriscelsa possesses Cuvierian tubules. This absence of Cuvierian tubules in H. viridia is however an artefact caused by the collectors as Cherbonnier clearly states that the animal has been completely eviscerated by the collectors in order to facilitate the search for eventual parasites.

For original description click here.

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Holothuria timama Lesson, 1830: 118, pl. 43; Lampert, 1885: 94; Théel, 1886: 240; Clark A.M., 1963: 383ss; Opinion 762, 1966: 15ss; Melville & Smith, 1987: 301.

Holothuria timana (lapsus calami); Panning, 1931: 117; Cherbonnier, 1951a: 295; Cherbonnier, 1951b: 396, figs 1a-r, 2a-g.

Holothuria (Metriatyla) timana; Rowe & Gates, 1995: 295; Marsh & Morrison, 2004: 339.

Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra; Vandenspiegel, Ovaere, Massin, 1992: 168, figs 2, 3A-E, 4A-G (non H. (M.) scabra Jaeger, 1833).

Holothuria scabra var. versicolor Conand, 1986: 19; Conand, 1991: 170; Conand & Byrne, 1993: 3ss; Conand, 1998: 1180, textfig. + map; Conand, 1999: 10ss; Forbes et al., 1999: 38 (colour plate); Hamel et al., 2001: 146ss, fig. 4B; Conand, 2004: 14, fig. 1(4); Baine, 2004: 120; Rasoloforinina et al., 2004: 137; Tuwo, 2004: 51; Uthicke et al., 2005: 261ss, fig. 1B-D; Purcell, 2005: 31, fig. 2b; Ivy & Giraspy, 2006: 28ss, figs 1-4.

?Holothuria scabra var. versicolor; Schoppe, 2000: 119 (colour plate); Pouget, 2005: 23.

Holothura aculeata; Cherbonnier, 1951a: 298 (non H. aculeata Semper, 1868); Catala, 1979: 245, fig; 91 (colour plate) (non H. aculeata Semper, 1868); Rowe & Gates, 1995: 295 (cited as a synonym of H. timana (sic) (= H. lessoni Massin et al., 2009.).

Holothuria (Metriatyla) aculeata; Rowe, 1969: 160 (partim, records from East Indies only); Clark & Rowe, 1971: 176 (partim, records from East Indies only); Marsh et al., 1993: 64; Marsh, 1994: 11.

Holothuria (Metriatyla) lessoni Massin et al. 2009: 41, figs 1A-D, 3A-G, 4A-H, 5A-C)

Type data: EcHh 544; Xaiego Island (Indonesia); unknown depth; coll. Lesson & Garnot; 1829; only buccal aparatous remains.

Anatomical description: cannot be provided given the state of the holotype.

Ossicle description: cannot be provided as no tissue available on the holotype.

Known distribution: see Massin et al. 2009: 46, tab. 1.

Taxonomic decision: nomen dubium replaced by Holothuria (Metriatyla) lessoni Massin et al., 2009.

For original description click here.

 

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