water footprint evaluation of oil palm fresh fruit bunches

Water Footprint Evaluation of Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunches

Index Terms—Oil palm fresh fruit bunches, water footprint, water management. I. I. NTRODUCTION. At present, the promotion of bio-based renewable energy is politically and economically support by government. Palm oil is one of the promising plants because of its efficiency and a long run profit compare to others (e.g. rice, orange). Oil palm tree could produce palm oil up to 18 ton/ ha, which

Water footprint evaluation of oil palm fresh fruit bunches

Due to an encouragement of renewable energy, an implantation of oil palm in Thailand is increased. It affects the amount of water consumption in each area. From this point, the aim of this work is to evaluated water footprint (WF) of oil palm fresh fruit bunches using CROPWAT program. The water footprint assessment of fresh fruit bunches in Pathumthani and Chonburi provinces are

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Welcome to MPOB's Journal of Oil Palm Research Website

Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol. 22 2010 December p. 887-894 DOI: Life cycle assessment for oil palm fresh fruit bunch production from continued land use for oil palm planted on mineral soil (Part 2) Author(s): ZULKIFLI Hashim* ; HALIMAH Muhammad* ; CHAN Kok Weng* ; CHOO Yuen May* ; MOHD BASRI Wahid* Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an important tool for identifying potential environmental

Water footprints of products of oil palm plantations and

The water footprint (WF) of fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) from oil palm plantations and crude palm oil (CPO) from palm oil mills in southern and eastern Thailand were determined over 25 years. Climatic conditions, soil characteristics, and the characteristics of oil palm growth were considered. The WF of FFBs was 1063 m 3 /ton (t) on average

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Carbon footprint of the production of oil palm (Elaeis

Following the Colombian Technical Standard NTC 6000, one ton of oil palm fresh fruit bunches was established as a functional unit; inputs, activities and processes directly or indirectly involved in the production of oil palm fresh fruit bunches were inventoried, and the carbon footprint balance between sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions was estimated using the Ecoinvent database and

Charting the water footprint for Malaysian crude palm oil

The only water input is during the pesticides application. When the oil palm trees are three years old, they start to bear fruits which are called oil palm fresh fruit bunch (FFB). The FFBs which are harvested when ripe are transported to the third stage of the supply chain which is the POM. The FFBs have to be transported within 24 h of

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Consumptive Water Use Assessment and Life Cycle Assessment

palm seedlings are then transplanted to the oil palm plantations, where they grow into palms. The oil palm plantations in the study are not irrigated, but are rain-fed. The only water input at the plantations is for pesticide application. The oil palm start to bear fresh fruit bunches (FFB) at three years of age.

Water footprints of products of oil palm plantations

The water footprint (WF) of fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) from oil palm plantations and crude palm oil (CPO) from palm oil mills in southern and eastern Thailand were determined over 25 years. Climatic conditions, soil characteristics, and the characteristics of oil palm growth were considered. The WF of FFBs was 1063 m(3)/ton (t) on average. Green, blue, and grey waters

CiteSeerX

CiteSeerX Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Abstract—Due to an encouragement of renewable energy, an implantation of oil palm in Thailand is increased. It affects the amount of water consumption in each area. From this point, the aim of this work is to evaluated water footprint (WF) of oil palm fresh fruit bunches using CROPWAT program.

2016 rspo.org

Fresh Fruit Bunches ( FFB”) impacts, as well as a product carbon footprint of the Crude Palm Oil (“CPO”) and Palm Kernel (“PK”) produced at our Malaysian mills. 6 Kulim Malaysia erhad. We believe in using the most advanced science and tools available to measure our performance. Kulim was one of the first companies to use the PalmGHG tool (V1) developed by the RSPO Greenhouse Gas

Indonesia Oil Palm Global yield gap atlas

Indonesia Oil Palm. Oil palm is one of the most efficient crops in terms of production per unit area (de Vries et al. 2010). About ca. half of global palm oil production comes from Indonesia. Oil palm is grown in ca. 12 million rainfed hectares (ha). Average annual oil palm yield in Indonesia is ca. 18 t fresh fruit bunch (FFB) per ha year (Directorate General of Estate Crops; 2012-2017).

Frontiers Oil Palm Agroforestry Can Achieve Economic

The oil palm + cocoa intercrop provided a high LERP (1.4), while also replenishing more ground water and having a lower C footprint. This combination also has a return to labour equal to that in oil palm monocultures and a higher benefit cost ratio than the oil palm + pepper combination that maximizes Net Present Value. Oil palm + cocoa systems

CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF OIL PALM

CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF OIL PALM EMPTY FRUIT BUNCH (Pencirian Kimia dan Fizikal Bagi Tandan Kosong Buah Kelapa Sawit) Nurul Suraya Rosli1, Shuhaida Harun1,2*, Jamaliah Md Jahim1,2, Rizafizah Othaman3 1Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment 2Research Centre for Sustainable Process Technology

Tree-based Water Footprint Assessment on Established

Results showed that water footprint (WF) for production of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) was 510.69 m3 tonne-1 and crude palm oil (CPO) was 517.79 m3 tonne-1. Green, blue and grey water contributed 94.78%, 0.71% and 4.50% in FFB, and 93.48%, 1.66% and 4.85% in CPO productions, respectively. All green WF was calculated basen on actual value of tree evapotranspiration, therefore, the value was

Tree-based Water Footprint Assessment on Established

Results showed that water footprint (WF) for production of fresh fruit bunch (FFB) was 510.69 m3 tonne-1 and crude palm oil (CPO) was 517.79 m3 tonne-1. Green, blue and grey water contributed 94.78%, 0.71% and 4.50% in FFB, and 93.48%, 1.66% and 4.85% in CPO productions, respectively. All green WF was calculated basen on actual value of tree

Hydrothermal Treatment Of Oil Palm Empty Fruit

In a typical crude palm oil (CPO) mill, every tonne of oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFB) produces approximately 20% CPO, and generates the following biomass: 23% palm empty fruit bunches (EFB), 12% fibers, and 5% nut shells. Using fibers and a small portion of nut shells, CPO mill has been known as a self-sufficient energy system. However, EFB and palm fronds are not yet utilized maximum due

Hydrothermal Treatment Of Oil Palm Empty Fruit

In a typical crude palm oil (CPO) mill, every tonne of oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFB) produces approximately 20% CPO, and generates the following biomass: 23% palm empty fruit bunches (EFB), 12% fibers, and 5% nut shells. Using fibers and a small portion of nut shells, CPO mill has been known as a self-sufficient energy system. However, EFB and palm fronds are not yet utilized maximum due

Welcome to MPOB's Journal of Oil Palm Research Website

The oil palm industry is a very important industry which contributes immensely towards the economy of the country. In 2009 alone, the total exports of oil palm products, constituting palm oil, palm kernel oil, palm kernel cake, oleochemicals and finished products, amounted to 22.40 million tonnes, resulting in total export earnings of RM 49.59 billion.

Improving palm oil quality through identification and

The oil palm fruit mesocarp contains high lipase activity that increases free fatty acids and necessitates post-harvest inactivation by heat treatment of fruit bunches. Even before heat treatment

Water demand and stress from oil palm-based biodiesel

The highest water requirement for oil palm-based biodiesel production is found in the central region followed by the eastern and southern (4–9, 5–16, and 4–19 m3 L−1 biodiesel, respectively). This is because oil palm plantations in the central region are not yet fully mature. As a result, the ratio of crop water requirement associated to crop productivity will be reduced while the

The Krabi Oil-Palm Farmers Cooperatives Federation Limited

2.5 Supply of Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) 2.5.1 Please choose from the list below if you have smallholders and/or outgrowers as part of your GHG footprint by tonne of Crude Palm Oil (tCO2e/tCPO) 6.1.2.3 What would the key emissions sources of reporting management unit? Actions for Next Reporting Period 7.1 Outline actions that you will take in the coming year to advance your plans

GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES FOR OIL PALM

ensure good quality and safe raw material of oil palm bunches or fresh fruit bunches (FFB) suitable for palm oil production as well as taking into account the environmental impact and occupational health and safety of the workers. This agricultural standard shall be jointly implemented with TAS 5702-2553, Thai Agricultural Standard for Oil Palm Bunch. 2 DEFINITIONS . For the purpose of this

Evaluation of some locally sourced phosphate rocks for oil

Evaluation of some locally sourced phosphate rocks for oil palm production Imogie, A. E.1*, Fresh fruit bunch (FFB), oil palm, phosphorus treatment, rock phosphate, yield. INTRODUCTION Tropical soils, are especially often low in available phosphorus and require addition of P fertilizer for optimum yield (Omoti, 1989). The parent materials of these soils are low in appetite bearing rocks

CONTENTS

emissions (Scope 3). The study is limited to the production of main products: Crude Palm Oil and Palm Kernel Oil and the emissions associated with the commercial activities of the group. 3.1. Supply Chain Overview In 2017, the company sourced Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB)

The physicochemical characteristics of residual oil and

From this biomass, the mill generates about 1.5 t of oil palm empty fruit bunches per hectare of oil palm annually (Abd Majid et al. 2012). The OPEFB is generated after the stripping process, in which the sterilized fruits are separated from the bunch stalks. As the major waste of oil palm industry, OPEFB is currently being applied as a wood composite, fiberboard, soil mulching material in the

Analysis of Energy-Water Nexus Palm Oil Biodiesel

footprints for Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB), Crude Palm Oil (CPO), and biodiesel were 671 m3/t FFB, 3,292 m3/t CPO, and 3,432 m3/t biodiesel, respectively. The total energy consumption and CO 2 emission in biodiesel production was 14,252 MJ/t biodiesel and 608.6 kg CO2-eq/t biodiesel. Compared to other energy production, biodiesel production in Riau in 2017 is the largest water consumer, around

crude palm oil Related Abstracts publications.waset.org

Crude palm oil (CPO) is a vegetable oil that came from a palm tree bunch. The productivity of the oil is 12 ton/hectare/year. Thus palm oil tree was known as highest vegetable oil yield. It was grown across Equatorial County, especially in Malaysia and Indonesia. The greenish-red color on CPO was come from carotenoid. Carotenoid is one of the antioxidants that could be extracted. Carotenoid

Environmental Evaluation of Biodiesel Production from

Corpus ID: 59037044. Environmental Evaluation of Biodiesel Production from Palm Oil in a Life Cycle Perspective @inproceedings{Pleanjai2007EnvironmentalEO, title={Environmental Evaluation of Biodiesel Production from Palm Oil in a Life Cycle Perspective}, author={Somporn Pleanjai and Shabbir H. Gheewala and Savitri Garivait}, year={2007} }

PAPER OPEN ACCESS Dry and wet torrefaction of empty fruit

EFB can be generated from the oil palm industry around 21% of fresh fruit bunch as shown in Figure 1. Thus, the utilization of EFB as a solid fuel via dry and wet torrefaction is an attractive method to produce high quality solid biofuel. The aim of the present work is to study the dry and wet torrefaction of EFB in a fixed bed reactor for green energy production in a cooking application. 2

Effect of free fatty acid (FFA) and oil yield of fresh

The quality of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) is depending on the ripeness and the damage during harvesting and transporting. It is known that the free fatty acids (FFA) in the crude palm oil are related to the ripeness of FFB and storage before sterilisation. The objective of the study is to determine the compositional changes of oil in FFB by delayed processing after harvesting. The unripe and

Growth And Production of Oil Palm Encyclopedia of Life

Fresh fruit bunches once harvested must be treated in an oil mill within 24 hours to avoid that oil quality decreases. Palm oil has for a long time been considered a relatively low-value edible oil because of the difficulty in manipulating its fatty acid profile. Recent research has gradually upgraded this perception, and palm oil is now becoming a high-value niche product in the health food

Sustainable Palm Oil Unilever

SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL Good Agricultural Practice Guidelines u. Contents Introduction > 01 1. Soil Fertility > 02 2. Soil Loss > 04 3. Nutrients > 06 4. Pest Management > 08 5. Biodiversity > 10 6. Product Value > 12 7. Energy > 13 8. Water > 14 9. Social and Human Capital > 15 10. Local Economy > 16 Bibliography > 17 Note This document has been discussed with the members of the Unilever

Clorox Road Map

Complete initial evaluation of the palm oil sourcing practices or plans for our 12 key suppliers and identify priority next steps with each one. • Trace our palm footprint to various milestones in the supply chain, including to the mill level and subsequently to fresh fruit bunch origin: There are three major aggregation points in a palm oil supply chain that can leadClorox back to the fresh

VIVA energyenvironment

Water Footprint to the Production of Crude Palm Oil (EP 127/2010). Viva No. 778/2016(36), 2016. 2014 . LOH SOH KHEANG, NURUL ADELA BUKHARI, ANIS MOKHTAR and CHOO YUEN MAY. Bioethanol production from the Juice/Sap of oil palm trunk. Viva No. 665/2014 (12) MOHAMAD AZRI SUKIRAN, LOH SOH KHEANG, NASRIN ABU BAKAR and CHOO YUEN MAY. Fast pyrolysis technology for palm

Reducing Fertilizer and Avoiding Herbicides in Oil Palm

Oil palm root biomass grows faster after empty fruit bunch application, but yields only increase 2 years later (Kheong et al., 2010). Indeed, effects on oil palm yield can take years to be measurable ( Sidhu et al., 2009 ) because of the long maturation of fruit bunches (6 months from pollination to harvest) and the early determination of the flower sex ratio ( Corley et al., 1995 ).

Final year research project: Educational visit to palm oil

The oil palm produces 2 types of oils which are palm oil from fibrous mesocarp and lauric oil from palm kernel. The milling process starts with sterilisation of fruit bunches followed by the stripping of fruitlet in a rotating drum thresher. The fruitlets obtained are digested and pressed to extract the crude palm oil (CPO) and obtain the press cake. The nuts are separated from the press cake



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