pdf palm oil mill effluent as a low-cost substrate

(PDF) Palm oil mill effluent as a low-cost substrate for

PDF Background: Palm oil mill effluent (POME) generated from the palm oil milling process contains high organic matter from which the molecule of Find, read and cite all the research you

Palm oil mill effluent as a low-cost substrate for

Palm oil mill effluent as a low‑cost substrate for bioflocculant production by from oil palm EFB as a substrate under standard assay conditions at pH 5.0 and 50 °C. Enzymatic hydrolysis of POME The enzymatic hydrolysis was performed on raw POME (100 mL) in a 250-mL flask with a screw cap. The reac tion mixture consisted of 1 % (v/v) enzyme loading (1 mL enzyme per 100 mL of POME). The

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Palm oil mill effluent as a low-cost substrate for

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) generated from the palm oil milling process contains high organic matter from which the molecule of interest for bioconversion such as fermentable sugar can be derived. This study examined the enzymatic hydrolysis of complex celluloses and polysaccharides present in POME with the aim to release the simple sugars as low-cost fermentable feedstock

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palm oil mill effluent BioEnergy Consult

Anaerobic Digestion of PomeBiomethane Potential in Southeast AsiaReferencesPOME is an attractive feedstock for biomethane production and is abundantly available in all palm oil mills. Hence, it ensures continuous supply of substrates at no or low cost for biogas production, positioning it as a great potential source for biomethane production. (Chin May Ji, 2013).POME is a colloidal suspension containing 95-96% water, 0.6-0.7% oil and 4-5% total solids, which include 2-4% suspended solids. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) generally ranges between 25,000 and 65,714 mg/

Palm oil mill effluent as a low-cost substrate for

Palm oil mill effluent as a low-cost substrate for bioflocculant production by Bacillus Bioflocculant production by Bacillus marisflavi NA8. One loopful of the pure single colony from the seed culture was inoculated into 10 mL of nutrient broth (NB) in a 50-mL Falcon tube overnight to promote the microbial growth. The production of bioflocculant by B. marisflavi NA8 was performed in a 250

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(PDF) EFFECT OF SUBSTRATE CONCENTRATION ON

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is the largest by product generated from palm oil mills, about 50 million tonnes annually. POME has a potential substrate for acetone, butanol and ethanol production

Properties and Uses of POME BioEnergy Consult

Palm Oil processing gives rise to highly polluting waste-water, known as Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME), which is often discarded in disposal ponds, resulting in the leaching of contaminants that pollute the groundwater and soil, and in the release of methane gas into the atmosphere.

(PDF) Palm oil mill effluent: A waste or a raw material?

In this research, bacterial mixed cultures sourced from bovine rumen as biomass and the substrate used was palm oil mill effluent (POME) with a characteristic COD concentration of 25,600 mg/L, The

(PDF) Screening and Assessing of Microorganisms from

This study explores the possibility of using waste material i.e. palm oil mill effluent (POME) as low-cost substrate for the development of a new bioflocculant. The bioflocculant-producing

Properties and Uses of POME BioEnergy Consult

Palm Oil processing gives rise to highly polluting waste-water, known as Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME), which is often discarded in disposal ponds, resulting in the leaching of contaminants that pollute the groundwater and soil, and in the release of methane gas into the atmosphere.

Oil Mill Effluents an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) generated from palm oil milling processes to produce crude palm oil (CPO) is the most polluting agro-industrial effluent. It is estimated that 0.5–0.75 tonne of raw POME were produced for every tonne of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) processed Yacob et al., 2006). POME is a highly polluting wastewater with typical properties: biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) of 25,000

Microalgae Cultivation In Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME)

454 palm oil mills. Malaysia covers about 30% of the world’s palm oil production and 34% of palm oil exports (Kushairi et al., 2018). The high production of FFB yields 19.92 million tonnes of crude palm oil (CPO), and huge quantity of by-product, i.e. palm oil mill effluent (POME). POME is rich in organic matter but could be contaminated due

AEROBIC TREATMENT AND BIODEGRADATION OF PALM OIL MILL

2.3.1 Palm oil mill effluent (POME) 14 2.3.2 Characteristics of palm oil mill effluent (POME) 18 2.4 Treatment of POME 21 Page DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ii TABLE OF CONTENTS iv LIST OF TABLES xi LIST OF FIGURES xiv LIST OF PLATES xix LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xxi ABSTRAK xxii ABSTRACT xxv

Effluent Treatment System in Palm Oil Mills: Part II

Effluent Treatment System in Palm Oil Mills: Part II Biogas from Anaerobic Digestion Lai Mei Ee* * Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. his article may play an important role in polishing the mind of researchers in the palm oil mill INTRODUCTION sector. Amidst the fascination of Mongana Report, still maintain it popularity and rec-ognition by the mill

Statistical Optimization of Fermentation Conditions for

Cellulase Production from Palm Oil Mill Effluent Jamal I. Daoud and Md. Zahangir Alam Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Unit, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Abstract: Problem statement: Palm oil mill effluent discharged by the oil palm industries is considered as the mixed of high polluted effluent which is

EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON BUTANOL AND ETHANOL

Malaysia is a world leader in palm oil industry, producing about 11.8 million tons of crude palm oil in 2001. Recycle uses of biomass generated from the production process of palm oil is an urgent subject to Malaysia, because, since the volume of palm oil mill effluent (POME) is proportional to the 3.6 times as much volume of the crude palm oil

Novel Bioflocculant from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) and

Novel Bioflocculant from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) and its Potential Application Nurul Adela Bukhari*; Nasrin Abu Bakar* and Loh Soh Kheang* INTRODUCTION H igh valued biochemicals can be harnessed from palm oil mill effluent (POME) via microbial process apart from bioenergy e.g. methane or hydrogen. The potential pollution source of POME can be transformed into business opportunities

Utilization of palm oil mill effluent as a novel and

Original Article Utilization of palm oil mill effluent as a novel and promising substrate for biosurfactant production by Nevskia ramosa NA3 Chanika Saenge Chooklin1, Sirirat Phertmean2, Benjamas Cheirsilp3, Suppasil Maneerat3, and Atipan Saimmai2, 4* 1 Faculty of Science and Fisheries Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Trang campus, Sikao, Trang, 92150

Production of Biogas using Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME

production of such amounts of crude palm oil result in even larger amounts of palm oil mill effluent (POME), estimated at nearly three times the quantity of crude palm oil (Wu, 2009). In the process of palm oil milling, POME is generated through sterilization of fresh oil palm fruit bunches, clarification of palm oil and effluent from

Palm oil mill effluent as a low-cost substrate for CORE

Palm oil mill effluent as a low-cost substrate for bioflocculant production by Bacillus marisflavi NA8 By Bukhari Nurul-Adela, Abu-Bakar Nasrin and Soh-Kheang Loh Download PDF (1 MB)

AEROBIC TREATMENT AND BIODEGRADATION OF PALM OIL MILL

2.3.1 Palm oil mill effluent (POME) 14 2.3.2 Characteristics of palm oil mill effluent (POME) 18 2.4 Treatment of POME 21 Page DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ii TABLE OF CONTENTS iv LIST OF TABLES xi LIST OF FIGURES xiv LIST OF PLATES xix LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xxi ABSTRAK xxii ABSTRACT xxv

Bio-hydrogen production from palm oil mill effluent

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is an appropriate substrate for hydrogen production in terms of yield. Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia are the higher contributor of POME. One tonne of palm oil produces approximately 5.5–7.5 tonnes of POME . Presently, Malaysia has 432 palm oil mills and the large portion of its economic comes from the palm oil industry by generating approximately USD 20

Phenolics Production from a Novel Substrate Palm Oil Mill

This paper introduces palm oil mill effluent (POME) as a novel substrate for production of phenolics under liquid state fermentation by Aspergillus niger IBS-103ZA with selected fermentation conditions. The statistical analysis showed a significant improvement at optimum fermentation conditions of 5.39% (w/v) sucrose, 2.22% (w/v) MnSO 4 and a temperature of 35°C. The antioxidant activity of

Novel Bioflocculant from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) and

Novel Bioflocculant from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) and its Potential Application Nurul Adela Bukhari*; Nasrin Abu Bakar* and Loh Soh Kheang* INTRODUCTION H igh valued biochemicals can be harnessed from palm oil mill effluent (POME) via microbial process apart from bioenergy e.g. methane or hydrogen. The potential pollution source of POME can be transformed into business opportunities

Improved anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is a highly polluted wastewater that consists of a high organic content of 4–5% total solids; a potential renewable energy source. A waste to energy study was conducted to improve biogas production using POME as substrate by ultrasonication pretreatment at mesophilic temperatures. The effect of temperature on the specific growth rate of anaerobes and

Anaerobic co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with

Anaerobic co-digestion of palm oil mill effluent with rumen fluid as a co-substrate. (SCSTR) were applied under anaerobic mesophilic conditions at 37 ± 3 °C to treat the supernatant layer of the raw palm oil mill effluent (POME). The anaerobically digested sludge POME (ADS-POME) mixed with rumen fluid (RF) that taken from the first compartment of cow stomach (5% and 10% by volume)

ii EFFECTS OF FERMENTATION TIME AND TEMPERATURE ON

wastewater called palm oil mill effluent (POME) (Miura et al., 2001). If the effluent discharged untreated, it can certainly cause considerable environmental problems. POME has great potential as a substrate for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation because it contains a mixture of carbohydrates including starch, hemicelluloses, sucrose and other carbohydrates that can be utilized by

Effect of Substrate and Intermediate Composition on

commonly referred to as palm oil mill effluent (POME). Typically, 1 ton of crude palm oil production requires 5–7.5 ton of water; over 50% of which ends up as POME [1]. POME is a viscous, brownish liquid containing about 95–96% water, 0.6–0.7% oil and 4–5% total solids (including 2–4% SS,

Photohydrogen production from dark-fermented palm oil

Download PDF Download. Share. Export. Advanced. Journal of Cleaner Production. Volume 199, 20 October 2018, Pages 11-17. Photohydrogen production from dark-fermented palm oil mill effluent (DPOME) and statistical optimization: Renewable substrate for hydrogen. Author links open overlay panel Puranjan Mishra a Lakhveer Singh a b Zularisam Ab Wahid a Santhana Krishnan a Supriyanka

CO-DIGESTION STUDIES OF SALEABLE GLYCERIN WITH PALM OIL

Another potential primary substrate is palm oil mill effluent (POME) produced from palm oil industry as polluted wastewater and could cause serious environmental impact if discharges untreated. This is due to its high biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) at 25,000 mg/L, COD at 53,630 mg/L, oil and grease (O&G) at 8,370 mg/L, and total solids at 43,635 mg/L [7]. Industry current practice treatments

TREATMENT OF PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT (POME) USING

4.1 Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Characteristics 87 4.2 Reactor Performance 92 4.2.1 OLR and HRT 92 4.2.2 Startup Time 95 4.3 pH Value 96 4.4 Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) 101 4.4.1 COD Removal Efficiency 106 4.4.2 Analysis k Value for the Reactors 111

Use of Palm Oil Mill Effluent as Fermentative Medium by

modification in palm oil mill effluent. Palm oil mill effluent sample (100ml) was modified with respective concentrations of soy bean (1.5, 2.5, 3.5and 4.5% w/v) and inoculated with 0.1ml (10. 6. cells/ml) of selected inoculums. The flasks were incubated at 28. o. C for 144hrs on a rotary shaker with agitation speed of 180rpm. Samples were

ii EFFECTS OF FERMENTATION TIME AND TEMPERATURE ON

wastewater called palm oil mill effluent (POME) (Miura et al., 2001). If the effluent discharged untreated, it can certainly cause considerable environmental problems. POME has great potential as a substrate for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation because it contains a mixture of carbohydrates including starch, hemicelluloses, sucrose and other carbohydrates that can be utilized by

Production of methane from ozonated palm oil mill

Methane (CH 4) production from palm oil mill effluent (POME) pre-treated by ozonation was conducted under mesophilic (37 °C) condition.The results demonstrated that methane can be produced from both non-ozonated and ozonated POME at a concentration range of 3,000 to 15,000 mg COD L −1.Methane yield rised 54% when POME was pre-treated by ozonation at POME concentration of 15,000 mg COD

TREATABILITY OF PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT (POME) USING

2.1 Chemical composition on dry basis of palm fibre and palm kernel shell 9 2.2 Characteristics of untreated palm oil mill effluent (POME) 10 2.3 Parameter limits for watercourse discharge for palm oil mill effluent 10 2.4 Reactions for the different (bio) process strategies 18 2.5 Biogas composition for various substrates 25

Liquid State Bioconversion of Palm Oil Mill Effluent for

The aim of this study was to determine the process conditions utilizing palm oil mill effluent (POME) as substrate which is abundant in Malaysia (about 10 million tonnes per year) for the production of cellulase enzyme by liquid state bioconversion. 2.0 Materials and Methods 2.1 Fermentation Media The major substrate/media used in this study was palm oil mill effluent (POME). The POME of 5 6

EFFECTS OF SUBSTRATE CONCENTRATION AND AGITATION

ON BUTANOL PRODUCTION FROM PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT USING CLOSTRIDIUM ACETOBUTYLICUM NUR HIDAYAH BINTI MASLAN UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG . EFFECTS OF SUBSTRATE CONCENTRATION AND AGITATION RATE ON BUTANOL PRODUCTION FROM PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT USING CLOSTRIDIUM ACETOBUTYLICUM NUR HIDAYAH BINTI MASLAN

(PDF) Biomethanation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME)

Biomethanation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) with a thermophilic mixed culture cultivated using POME as a substrate



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